PassivDom: Ukrainian Building Technologies Which Impress the USA
Ukrainian startup PassivDom deals with the creation of non-volatile smart modular houses with the help of 3D printers and now operates in Nevada, USA. The founder and CEO, Maxim Herbut, comes from Mariupol, but most of his time Maxim now spends in the USA. Recently, he appeared in the rating of innovators of Central and Eastern Europe by Google and Financial Times.
As Maxim Herbut claims, PassivDom is a project that was initiated by young physicists who were interested in the creation of something new and revolutionary in the seemingly most conservative field: building. This is the project that wants to show the whole world that there are Ukrainian building technologies ready to compete with the Canadian ones.
Indeed, when you heard about 3D printers for the first time, didn’t you think of making everything with the help of it? Have you thought about printing out a house? Sounds like a dream, but those Ukrainian guys took their place in line with the worldwide famous dreamers like Elon Musk and presented an innovation bringing their dreams to life. And, I must admit, they are very likely to succeed.
What Do They Build?
PassivDom building has attracted so much attention not only because of its “smart” functions but its energy-saving characteristics. The frame of the house is a monolithic detail which is being made by big robots-manipulators. They create the detail by the analog with a huge 3D printer. However, unlike 3D printers which use the same material, PassivDom’s printers use different materials for walls, ceiling, floor, and a roof. This may be the carbon or fiberglass thread playing a role of connectors.
The frame is being built completely automatically. Later on, it is being insulated with vacuum panels, lined with finishing materials inside and outside. The energy-saving windows, doors and household appliances are being installed together with the engineering systems and controls.
What Do We Get as a Result?
As per the developers, the modern technologies make it possible to create the buildings of any size. However, they need to focus on the transporting opportunities for every separate block in Ukraine. Therefore, the size of one module is 4*9 meters. Based on this, there are 2 variants of module house offered by PassivDom: modulOne and modulTwo, the price of which depends on what comes in a set. For example, the simplest house having around 38 square meters will cost $64,000. It will not have engineering systems or energy supply. In case you need your house to be equipped with the engineering systems, you will need to pay $85,000. And finally, the turn-key version with furniture and even wine glasses will cost $97,000. ModulTwo (around 71 square meters) has the prices $97,000, $132,000 and $147,000 responsively. At a cost of $1000, one can reserve such a PassivDom house .
Independence on Practice
All the energetic systems including heating, water heating, communication, and safety systems work thanks to the solar energy produced by solar panels. Their size and capacity calculations are based on the needs of those living in Ukraine in winter. However, they can provide thrice as much energy as needed in Ukraine. The electrical accumulators and the accumulators of the heat are used together and the developers have created an algorithm of transformation of heat into electricity and vice versa.
The houses are sustainable and easy, so there is no need for a fundament. Thus, you do not need a special place. It is possible to place the house wherever you want and transport it at any time. If you want to live on the seashore, or in the mountains near a lake for a few weeks, such a house will be a great idea for you.
The house is not developed as the main one for living. It can be a vacation house, or the home office. Porsche is a good car, but it is not good for every-day trips to the office. The same is about such houses. The safety systems of the houses will also help you to survive a zombie apocalypse, as the developers claim.
One can control the house, or let the systems of the house make the decisions on how to make the conditions maximally comfortable. All the sensors from the outside (the sensors for the temperature, rain, wind, humidity, light, oxygen and carbon dioxide) and from inside (the thermal sensors) help are sufficient to control the health and well-being of the house livers.
Costs and Investments
Maxim Herbut has already invested $400,000 in this project. Later the startup got investments of $1,2 million from two companies from Nevada.
The Project So Far
Now Maxim Herbut is working to build a plant in Nevada to produce around 1000 houses per year. They are ready to accept 80 Ukrainian engineers to work there in a short time. Some works will be outsourced. The first customers from Nevada, Texas and San Francisco get the special discounts. The PassivDom has got more than 8,000 preorders so far. The first two months after the introduction of the project in one American print media brought nearly 5,500 want-to-buy clicks and more than 200 preorders. One night could bring 40 missed calls from the USA, so it was the time to start targeting the USA.
Coming to Ukraine
As per the CEO’s predictions, the PassivDom houses will come to Ukraine in 5 years. The thing is that the prices are quite affordable for Americans but still too high for Ukrainians. But anyway, the PassivDom Company has introduced the Ukrainian engineering and building capabilities to the world, showing that we have something to impress with.