Top Tools for Frontend Development
According to ValueCoders , the best-known CSS preprocessor is SASS, which also looks a bit like LESS. Thanks to these two libraries, you can create more active code.
The term “SASS” can be applied to both technology and syntax. SASS and LESS are not languages in essence, but a bit of an extension for CSS. SASS / LESS code compiles to plain CSS.
It has to be noted that mastering CSS preprocessing requires at least familiarization with Terminal / CLI commands.
Gulp is a task manager that automates repetitive processes: assembling and optimizing CSS and JS files, automatically updating the browser, raising the server and others. Thanks to Gulp, development processes are accelerated and optimized as much as possible. The Gulp tool was created as an offshoot of the Grunt project, and it surpassed its parent.
One of the tangible benefits of Gulp is the use of threads. They transmit data in turn from one function to another, which interact in a certain way with this data. Such a system allows you to speed up the assembly.
Gulp helps solve problems:
● creation of a web server, as well as updating pages in the browser with any changes and saving the project;
● introduction to the development of preprocessors (JS, CSS, HTML) to speed up the layout;
● combining, optimizing and reducing the amount of source code;
● creating a CSS file name prefixes to support browser styles automatically;
● managing files and folders;
● uploading the project to an external server;
● copying project files, creating backups;
● creating projects of any complexity and much more.
The project that uses Gulp has the root gulpfile.js file containing detailed instructions for managing the system.
ES modules and CDN
ES-modules - a standard for working with modules in the browser, unified ECMAScript. Using ES modules, you can easily encapsulate functionality into modules that can be used via CDN. With the release of Firefox 60, all major browsers support ES modules. The Node team is working on adding support for ES modules to Node.js. Besides, the integration of ES modules for WebAssembly will take place in the next few years. Just imagine, isolated JS components used through CDN.
This is a popular enterprise-level framework used by many developers to create and maintain complex web applications. Angular is positioned as an “HTML extension” for building complex web applications. If you are familiar with TypeScript, then you might be interested to know that Angular 2 is written on it.
React - JS library for creating user interfaces. This is an open source project, mostly developed on Facebook, with the participation of a number of large companies. From the point of view of the MVC model, React refers to V, almost ignoring all other aspects of the application architecture. It implements the component layer, which facilitates the creation and combination of UI elements. Interface rendering is optimized by abstracting the DOM, which also allows you to render React from Node.js.
Isolation, Reuse, and Composition of Components
Speaking about the future development of interfaces and components, it is impossible to ignore the perspectives and capabilities of Bit.
Bit (open source project) isolates and converts your components into building blocks that you can use, including all your projects and applications. And here the magic begins: you can also use Bit to develop components from other projects, gaining full control over source code changes and all dependencies.
Simply put, you can instantly use a component from one project in another project with Bit. You can also synchronize changes during the development process. As a team, this process is made easier by bit.dev. This is a component hub where you can share code with your team.
The Bit hub provides everything you need for sharing and collaborating on components, for example, search, viewing projects, interactive code testing, full CI / CD support and much more.
Using Bit, you can create applications with full and instant access to all the components ever written by your team or the open-source community, as well as exchange new components or offer updates to existing ones.
What's a new in-state management? In the end, we just ship everything to the Redux global store?
This approach makes it difficult to use the full potential of modularity and reusability inherent in the components. The new Context API React and Hooks allow you to abandon third-party libraries and manage states at the level of functional components, improving modularity and reusability. Therefore, looking ahead, we could try to think about state management more in terms of encapsulated components than in terms of global application storage.